PCOS, or the medical term, Poly-Cystic Ovary Syndrome is a health condition found in the ovaries of women, but hardly known as it stands, much less found in the women affected by it. While unnoticed, it can contain serious health risks to the female, unless treated regularly by a physician trained in monitoring the condition in women. While all symptoms may not be encountered, it can still effect the life of who has it dramatically, and still poses a serious risk.
What can cause PCOS? Well, PCOS can sometimes be found in the genetics of women, from a mother or near ancestor. And while a relatively low amount of women are found to have PCOS, approximately over four hundred and fifty million women have this health condition. While affecting birthing and the ovulation and periods of women, the condition continues past menopause, if not treated. The process to find out whether you are affected or not is not one simple test - a doctor will have to ask about your previous menstrual cycles, perform physical tests (check for male pattern baldness, abnormal hair growth, and test to see if your body weight/height) are within the healthy range. An additional pelvic utrasound will be performed to check for cysts on ovaries.
PCOS victims often form small cysts across their ovaries, which can lead to a different variety of health concerns, such as hormonal shifts, which can lead to the development of testosterone, a hormone that is found in men. This can cause unwanted weight gain, resistance to insulin (which will cause Diabetes Type II), and excessive hair growth. The development of testosterone will also cause the female to stop/decline in ovulation, dropping the chances of pregnancy. It can also affect the child if the female is pregnant. Some of the risks include toxemia, miscarriage, early delivery, and diabetes. Children delivered by women with PCOS have a higher chance of death, or in care with risk. Anxiety and depression can also be found as symptoms, as well as recession in the hair/baldness, and oily skin. Women affected by PCOS are also at risk of cardiovascular diseases, and are more prone to heart attacks and strokes than other women.
How can PCOS be detected and treated; however, there is no known cure. Awareness is step one; Let Others be aware of the health condition and its risks. Step two is; consult with a licensed physician. Each female has different goals and different desires, and a prevention is possible, but multiple options must be taken to ensure your goal. Fertility pills may be in order for women who wish to become pregnant. Alternatively, if one wishes not to become pregnant, then birth control can help reduce the amount of testosterone and androgen (a hormone produced by both male and female), as well as help clear acne and oily skin. A lifestyle modification (eating healthier and a regular exercise can help drastically, as just 10% body weight loss can help) for those affected by Type II Diabetes.
While the affects of PCOS can be embarrassing, it must be reminded that it is also a life threatening condition, and must be treated properly. If one knows that she does have this condition, it is unwise to try to hide it and continue on with life as though nothing were happening. Prevention is key, and every patient who takes a stand is another patient who is helping with a hidden risk. Spread the word!